Trade Secrets
The truth about the US trade deal and how we can stop it


  1. United States-United Kingdom Negotiations: Summary of Specific Negotiating Objectives, Office of the United States Trade Representative, Feb 2019

  2. UK-US Free Trade Agreement, Department for International Trade, 2 Mar 2020

  3. ‘Explosive leaked trade papers show NHS, chlorinated chicken already on table in US trade talks’, Global Justice Now, 27 Nov 2019

  4. Global Justice Now webinar, 5 Jun 2020

  5. ‘USTR demands ag trade wins with China and the UK’, Agri-Pulse, 17 Jun 2020

  6. ‘Not relaxing food standards is a deal breaker for US-UK trade deal, Washington’s chief negotiator warns’, i, 18 Jun 2020

  7. ‘Boris Johnson hints at allowing GM food imports from US’, Guardian, 3 Feb 2020

  8. ‘Inside grim US megasheds of chlorine-wash chickens that Brits may soon be eating’, Mirror, 23 Feb 2020

  9. ‘Study demonstrates foodborne illness caused by common agricultural practice’, Southampton University, 18 Apr 2018

  10. ‘Fears new trade deals with US will increase UK food poisoning’, Sustain, 21 Feb 2018

  11. ‘Poultry workers suffer while industry uses chemicals to disinfect your chicken’,, 13 Dec 2016

  12. ‘The Government is poised to allow chlorine chicken imports from the US’, Sustain, 4 Jun 2020

  13. ‘Eliminate industrial meat and dairy consumption’, Center for Food Safety

  14. ‘Banned in 160 Nations, Why is Ractopamine in U.S. Pork?’, 26 Jul 2014

    and ‘Is this meat’s most dangerous additive?’,, 1 Nov 2013

  15. Toxic Trade, Pesticide Action Network UK, June 2020

  16. ‘95 percent of baby foods tested had toxic metals, study finds’, The Hill, 17 Oct 2019

  17. ‘Public willing to sacrifice US trade deal to protect food safety’, IPPR, 7 Apr 2018

  18. Letter from the Acting Associate Commissioner for Legislation in the Department for Health & Human Services to Senator Dianne Feinstein, 5 Oct 2016

  19. ‘Over 1,000 Toxic Ingredients Banned in Europe But Not in US’,, 1 Mar 2017

    and ‘Global Regulatory Lists of Banned or Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients and Positive Lists’,, 20 Jul 2020

  20. See note 18

  21. ‘Asbestos in Makeup’,

  22. ‘Asbestos found in Claire’s cosmetics, FDA says’, CNN, 12 Mar 2019

  23. ‘FDA warns of contaminated kids’ makeup at Claire’s for the second time this year’, MarketWatch, 7 Jun 2019

  24. See note 21

  25. ‘10 American Beauty Ingredients That Are Banned in Other Countries’, Cosmopolitan, 8 Nov 2016

  26. ‘More Asbestos! More Asbestos! More Asbestos!’, Rolling Stone, 7 Aug 2018 and ‘Dear Joe Biden: are you kidding me?’ Guardian, 19 Nov 2020

  27. ‘UK accused of “green Brexit hypocrisy” over regulation of suspected carcinogen’, Guardian, 11 Jul 2018

  28. ‘CETA Puts Pressure on Precautionary Principle, Glyphosate Implicated’, Agricultural and Rural Convention, 9 Jan 2020

  29. 2019 National Trade Estimate Report on Foreign Trade Barriers, p.174, United States Trade Representative

  30. ‘NHS should be on the table in UK-US trade talks, says senior US Senator’, City AM, 29 Oct 2020

  31. Mirror, Mirror on the Wall: How the Performance of the U.S. Health Care System Compares Internationally, The Commonwealth Fund, Jun 2014

  32. ‘Is Simon Stevens really the right person to run the NHS?’, Independent, 24 Oct 2013

  33. ‘Total trade in services’, UNCTAD 2019 e-Handbook of Statistics

  34. Trading Up for Health, Trade Justice Movement, Jan 2019

  35. ‘Trump blames “freeloading” foreign countries for high drug prices’, Financial Times, 11 May 2018

  36. ‘The rising cost of medicines to the NHS’, King’s Fund, Apr 2018

  37. ‘Report shows US brand-name drug prices “highest in the world”’, European Pharmaceutical Review, 7 May 2019

  38. ‘My investigation into a US trade deal shows it really could cost the NHS millions’, Guardian, 27 Nov 2019

  39. Special 301 Submission 2020, PhRMA

  40. ‘Nationalisation vs privatisation: the public view’, YouGov, 19 May 2017

  41. ‘Energy giants seek refuge overseas’, Investors Chronicle, 26 Nov 2019

  42. ‘Services Priorities for a Future U.S.-UK Trade Agreement’, US Chamber of Commerce, Nov 2019

  43. ‘The arbitration game’, Economist, 11 Oct 2014

  44. ‘Argentina’s debt crisis’, Jubilee Debt Campaign, May 2020

  45. ‘Crisis, Emergency Measures and the Failure of the ISDS System: The Case of Argentina’, South Centre, Jul 2015

  46. ‘Timeline: Argentina’s economic crisis’, Guardian, 20 Dec 2001

  47. See note 45

  48. ISDS Files: Anglian Water v Argentina, Global Justice Now, Jan 2019

  49. The Zombie ISDS, Corporate Europe Observatory, 17 Feb 2016

  50. ‘UK Prime Minister Cameron told: stop Jersey-registered shell company suing Romania in “corporate court”’, Tax Justice Network, 14 Aug 2015

  51. ‘Who Has Benefited Financially from Investment Treaty Arbitration? An Evaluation of the Size and Wealth of Claimants’, Van Harten and Malysheuski, 11 Jan 2016

  52. Lawyers subverting the public interest, Friends of the Earth Europe, Apr 2015

  53. ‘Dispute Settlement Becomes Speculative Financial Asset’, Jomo Kwame Sundaram, 19 Apr 2017

  54. ‘Cashing in on the pandemic’, Transnational Institute, 19 May 2020

  55. The development dimension of FDI: policy and rule-making perspectives, UNCTAD, 2003

  56. ‘The Metamorphosis of Financial Globalization’, Policy Center for the New South, 15 Sep 2017

  57. Capital in the Twenty-First Century, Thomas Piketty, Harvard University Press 2014

  58. Trade and Development Report 2018, UNCTAD

  59. See note 2

  60. ‘Netherlands faces ISDS threat after decision to ban coal-based power generation by 2030’, ISDS Platform, 16 Sep 2019

  61. ‘Legal opinion on Uniper’s legally misconceived ISDS threat to Dutch coal phase-out’, ClientEarth, 21 Nov 2019

  62. ‘Will German Uniper power plant be hauled over the coals?’, Deutsche Welle, 14 Jan 2020

  63. ‘The coming wave of COVID-19 arbitration – looking ahead’, Alston & Bird webinar, 29 Apr 2020

  64. ‘Public ownership is popular’, We Own It

  65. ‘Robber barons and silicon sultans’, Economist, 3 Jan 2015

  66. ‘Digital services tax risks US trade talks, expert warns’, Telegraph, 16 Mar 2020

  67. Digital Trade Priorities For A U.S.-UK FTA, Internet Association, 14 Jul 2020

  68. ‘EU data privacy laws are likely to create barriers to trade’, Financial Times, 30 May 2018

  69. ‘Uber sues Colombia before international arbitration committee over suspension order’, Colombia Reports, 10 Jan 2020

  70. e-Commerce Free Trade Agreements, Digital Chapters and the Impact on Labour, International Trade Union Confederation, 30 Apr 2020

  71. ‘Africa group’s deadly blow to E-com thematic or negotiating issues talks’, SUNS South North Development Monitor, 20 Oct 2016

  72. ‘Liam Fox and Boris Johnson don’t understand EU rules, says tech boss’, Times, 19 Feb 2018

  73. See note 66

  74. See note 42

  75. See note 70

  76. ‘Google to move UK citizens’ data to US, putting it under control of Trump government’, Independent, 20 Feb 2020

  77. See note 70

  78. ‘Digital trade (e-commerce)’, Trade Justice Movement

  79. See note 70

  80. Climate change and trade agreements: Friends or foes?, The Economist Intelligence Unit, 2019

  81. See note 2

  82. ‘Impact Assessment Report on the Future of EU-US Trade Relations’, Section 5.8.2, p.49, European Commission, March 2013

  83. ‘Labour leadership: Lisa Nandy says UK should refuse US trade deal if Trump quits Paris climate accord’, Independent, 15 Jan 2020

  84. ‘EU opens door to Canada’s dirty oil’, EURACTIV, 11 May 2017

  85. Silent But Deadly: Estimating the real climate impact of agribusiness corporations, Global Justice Now, Dec 2015

  86. ‘U.S. companies threaten to use CUSMA to fight Canada's plastics ban, Canada’s National Observer, 6 Nov 2020

  87. ‘Multinational corporations already using new NAFTA to block action on plastics’, Sharon Treat and Stuart Trew, 20 October 2020

  88. ‘Clayton/Bilcon v. Canada’, UNCTAD Investment Dispute Settlement Navigator

  89. ‘Dutch Lawmakers Under Pressure Over Coal Phase-Out’, Forbes, 2 Dec 2019

  90. See note 63

  91. ‘British economy “to grow 0.16% at best under US trade deal”’, Guardian, 2 Mar 2020

  92. ‘A trade deal with America will not compensate Britain for the loss of EU benefits’, CNN, 2 Mar 2020

  93. ‘What Does Employment At-Will Mean?’,

  94. ‘Hours worked’, OECD,

  95. ‘Compliance of the United States with International Labor Law’, David Weissbrodt, Minnesota Law Review 98, 2014

  96. Committee on Freedom of Association Report No 291, Case No 1557 (United States), International Labour Organisation, 1993

  97. Committee on Freedom of Association Report No 278, Case No 1543 (United States), International Labour Organisation, 1991

  98. NAFTA and the FTAA: Impact on Mexico’s Agriculture Sector, Women’s Edge Coalition, Dec 2003

    and Down on the Farm: NAFTA’s Seven-Years War on Farmers and Ranchers in the US, Canada and Mexico, Public Citizen, Jun 2001

    and NAFTA’s Legacy for Mexico: Economic Displacement, Lower Wages for Most, Increased Migration, Public Citizen, Mar 2018

    and ‘What we know about illegal immigration from Mexico’, Pew Research Center, 28 Jun 2019

  99. NAFTA’s Legacy for Mexico: Economic Displacement, Lower Wages for Most, Increased Migration, Public Citizen, Mar 2018

  100. ibid.

  101. ‘Democracy dies in darkness. Today I’m fighting to preserve it as Boris Johnson turns off the lights’, Caroline Lucas, Independent, 8 Jan 2020

  102. ‘Constitution Committee recommends amendments to Trade Bill’, Lords Select Committee,, 15 Oct 2018

  103. A Trade Model That Works For Everyone, Trade Justice Movement, 28 Jun 2018

  104. ‘UK government admits that secret trade talks are underway’, Global Justice Now, 14 Feb 2020

  105. ‘UK Accused Of Caving To US Demands For Trade Talks Secrecy’, Huffington Post, 7 May 2020

  106. See note 104

  107. ‘Summaries of consultations on future FTAs published’, Department for International Trade,, 18 Jul 2019

  108. ‘Boris Johnson facing backlash after scrapping pledge to keep chlorinated chicken out of British supermarkets’, Independent, 4 Jun 2020

  109. ‘A Spark of Hope: The Ongoing Lessons of the Zapatista Revolution 25 Years On’, NACLA, 18 Jan 2019

  110. ‘Mexico’s Zapatista rebels, 24 years on and defiant in mountain strongholds’, Guardian, 17 Feb 2018

  111. ‘Real battle for Seattle’, Observer, 5 Dec 1999

  112. ‘Driving a decade of change: HIV/ AIDS, patents and access to medicines for all’, Journal of the International AIDS Society, 27 Mar 2011

  113. ‘Water almost out of GATS?’, Corporate Europe Observatory, Mar 2006

  114. ‘The Defeat of the FTAA. The Emergence of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America – Peoples’ Trade Treaty (ALBA-TCP)’,, 30 Oct 2015

  115. ‘Rough trade: the new corporate power grab’, Red Pepper, Feb 2014

  116. ‘Berlin anti-TTIP trade deal protest attracts hundreds of thousands’, Guardian, 10 Oct 2015

  117. ‘Anti-TTIP petition signed by 3 million people’, EURACTIV, 9 Nov 2015

  118. ‘2000 CETA and TTIP-free zones in Europe’, Friends of the Earth Europe, 7 Sep 2016

  119. ‘Environment secretary faces UK farmers’ anger over food standards’, Financial Times, 26 Feb 2020

  120. ‘Younger Leave voters support regulation on food, retail and environmental protection post-Brexit, polling shows’, Sustain, 20 May 2020

  121. ‘UK-US trade deal under threat unless Iran stance changes, says Trump ally’, Guardian,15 Jan 2020

  122. ‘United Kingdom’, Office of the United States Trade Representative,

  123. ‘US-UK trade deal: Red Lines’, Trade Justice Movement

  124. United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment: Final Act and Related Documents, Apr 1948

  125. ‘Declaration on the Establishment of a New International Economic Order’, Resolution adopted by the General Assembly 3201 (S-VI), United Nations, 1 May 1974

  126. ‘What is the ALBA?’,, 2014

  127. ‘The paradox of globalisation is that pushing it too far undermines its own institutional foundations’, Dani Rodrik, LSE EUROPP, 2 Jan 2014